Q&A: Chinese Wedding Tea Ceremony
I would like more detailed information regarding the Tea ceremony performed at Chinese weddings. I have read the website
information regarding the tea ceremony on the wedding day. However I would like more information as to why are only the groom’s
parents offered tea. Can the bride’s parents also be offered tea? Is there a symbolic significance to this? What physical
position should they be served tea, sitting or standing?
I will be participating in a traditional Chinese wedding, will need to explain this beautiful ceremony to non-Chinese individuals
and would appreciate any immediate information you may have to help me out. Thank you very much.
Significance of the Tea:
Tea is probably used because it is China’s national drink and serving it is a sign of respect. Using tea is practical because
not everyone can drink alcohol.
Lotus seeds and two red dates are used in the tea for two reasons. First, the words “lotus” and “year,”
“seed” and “child,” and “date” and “early,” are homophones, i.e. they have
the same sound but different meanings in Chinese. Secondly, the ancient Chinese believed that putting these items in the tea
would help the newlyweds produce children early in their marriage and every year, which would ensure many grandchildren for
their parents. Also, the sweetness of the special tea is a wish for sweet relations between the bride and her new family.
Serving the Tea:
On the wedding day, the bride serves tea (holding the teacup with both hands) to her parents at home before the groom arrives.
She does this out of respect and to thank her parents for raising her. The tea at this time does not need to have the lotus
seeds or dates, and the bride does not need the assistance of a “lucky woman.” She pours and serves the tea by
herself without the groom.
Traditionally, after the wedding ceremony, the newlyweds serve tea (holding the teacups with both hands), inviting the
groom’s elders to drink tea by addressing them by formal title, e.g. first uncle or third aunt.
The general rule is to have the woman on the left side and the man on the right side. The people being served will sit
in chairs, while the bride and groom kneel. For example, when the newlyweds serve tea to the groom’s parents, the bride
would kneel in front of her father-in-law, while the groom would kneels in front of his mother.
The newlyweds serve tea in order, starting with the groom’s parents then proceeding from the oldest family members
to the youngest, e.g. the groom’s parents, then his paternal grandparents, then his maternal grandparents, then his
oldest uncles and aunts, and all the way to his older brother.
In return, the newlyweds receive lucky red envelopes (“lai see,” which means “lucky”) stuffed with
money or jewelry. The helpers, who are usually women blessed with a happy marriage or wealth and chosen by the fortune teller
or bride’s mother, also get lucky red envelopes stuffed with money from those being served. These envelopes are placed
on the platter which holds the teacups.
Answer Contributed By: L.K. Yee
See Also: Chinese Wedding Traditions and Tea